Teacher training and preparation for kankor
Although great progress has been made in the field of education since the fall of the Taliban regime, there is still a long way to go for Afghanistan. The latest figures show that, for the first time since 2002, education is declining at all levels, especially among girls (UNICEF, 2018). Today, 3.7 million children are still out of school in Afghanistan, almost half of all children aged 7 to 17: 60% are girls and this figure rises to 85% in rural areas.
Many factors still hinder girls’ enrollment: lack of infrastructures, distance from schools in rural areas, insecurity on the way to school. The shortage of teachers and especially female teachers (only 30% of teachers are women) is also a major obstacle, as well as their lack of qualification (only 24% of teachers meet the minimum qualifications).
Moreover, it is often high school girls who are most at risk of dropping out of the school system. Indeed, beyond the persistence of early marriages, many families still refuse to let their daughters attend classes given by men.
For example, in Afghanistan, 57% of girls aged 15 to 18 do not go to school, while secondary education increases girls’ wages up to 25% in adulthood (World Bank) and reduces the number of marriages before the age of 18 (currently 1 out of 3 girls), and early pregnancy (1/4 of the girls are concerned).
Our approach – by reaching girls of all ages, by acting globally on the quality of education through improved infrastructures and teacher qualifications, and by communicating extensively with families and local authorities – is significantly reducing school drop-out rates.
This makes it possible to change the lives of the beneficiaries but also their families. Indeed, for each year of the mother’s higher education, her child’s schooling opportunities increase by about 0.33 years. Therefore, acting on young girls’ education is a life changing investment for our beneficiaries and the future generations.
Since 2011, teachers in our schools have had the opportunity to attend intensive 15-day training sessions in science (mathematics, chemistry, physics) and languages (English and Dari/Pashto). School principals offer this program to teachers (this programme is open to men but we prefer female teachers who are less qualified) with weaknesses in their subjects. Then, the selected teachers take a test to determine their level, which makes it possible to orientate the training as well as possible. University professors from Kabul come to teach the courses.
The training of female teachers has been completed since 2017 and is gradually being replaced by a self-study system. In each school, a room equipped with a television set as well as DVDs and teaching materials created by the Afghan Ministry of Education is accessible to female teachers.
The major difficulty for the training of female teachers is their availability, so self-study gives them the opportunity to train continuously and at their own pace.
Preparation for Kankor
The Kankor preparation, available to girls in grade 12 (last year of high school) on a voluntary basis, offers additional courses in science subjects (chemistry, biology, physics and mathematics), the subjects with the highest coefficient in Kankor. These courses are taught by qualified teachers from Kabul from August to September. This program aims at increasing students’ knowledge and confidence in order to increase their chances of success in the competition.
Promote the empowerment of Afghan girls by helping them access University through teacher training and preparation for the University Entrance Examination (Kankor).
Located in Keraman Village of Dara District, Panjshir Province
Located In Hanaba Village of Hanaba District, Panjshir Province
Located in Dara Zargaran village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Khwaja Lakan village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
ABDULLAH BIN OMAR
Located in Parachi Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Qalaï Malik Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Pushta Badam Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province