IMPROVing TEACHING CONDITIONS
Afghanistan Libre operates in public schools under the authority of the Afghan Ministry of National Education. Since the fall of the Taliban regime, the number of students has increased from 1 million – exclusively boys – in 2001 to 9 million in 2016, 39% of whom are girls. This exponential growth of students and the country’s instability mean that the education system is severely lacking of infrastructures and staff: some classes have more than 60 students, and there is an average of 1 teacher for every 44 students. Many students have classes in tents, or in dilapidated schools, and most schools do not have access to electricity.
Afghanistan is a fuel-poor country: access to electricity is among the lowest in the world and only 36% of Afghans are connected to the electricity grid (World Bank, 2016). This rate is 11% in rural areas, where the supported schools are located. They currently have a very limited access to electricity, which is not continuous and does not allow the simultaneous use of electrical appliances (lamps, heating, etc.). Most electrical systems are also 90% damaged, so schools use gasoline generators that are harmful, noisy and expensive.
Moreover, despite the integration of sport as a compulsory subject in schools, the Afghan society doesn’t really recognize the benefits of physical education and sport for development and well-being. Social and religious factors also condemn women’s participation in sport. In fact, although it is recognized by the Afghan Ministry of Education, many girls’ schools do not have the appropriate sports facilities, many of which were destroyed during the Taliban regime and never rebuilt afterwards. This dramatically reduces sport opportunities for Afghan girls.
Construction of additional classrooms and a playground
In order to improve the learning and teaching conditions of girls and women teachers at Keraman School, located in Panjshir, a very rural area of Afghanistan, we started building four additional classrooms in September 2018 to enable the school’s 213 students to attend classes in classrooms, rather than under tents as it is currently the case for some 40 girls. A library will also be set up in one of the four rooms built to provide wider and autonomous access to new knowledge.
In 2019, a playground will also be built to allow the practice of sport and sports equipment will be made available to students from the Keraman school and other children in the village.
Renovation of electrical infrastructures and installation of solar panels
Over the past three years, we have renovated the schools’ electrical systems to make them safe and up to standard. In 2018, we equipped 5 schools with renewable energy, installing solar panels: 3 in Paghman district (Kabul province) and 2 in Panjshir province. Out of 24 250W solar panels, 2 were installed at Malalaï school (in addition to the 4 installed in 2016), 4 at Keraman school in Panjshir province, 6 at Naswan Paghman, Khoja Lakan and Abdullah bin Omer school in Paghman district, Kabul province.
The installation of these solar panels has enabled schools to improve their energy capacities. Previously dependent on highly polluting generators and suffering from regular power outages, schools are now energy independent. The solar panels produce enough energy to meet the current energy needs of schools, power the Digital Classes, the plant irrigation system and light the campus at night if necessary. We have also organized awareness sessions on how solar panels work and the importance of sustainable development for school staff and students.
Located in Keraman Village of Dara District, Panjshir Province
Located In Hanaba Village of Hanaba District, Panjshir Province
Located in Dara Zargaran village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Khwaja Lakan village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
ABDULLAH BIN OMAR
Located in Parachi Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Qalaï Malik Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province
Located in Pushta Badam Village of Paghman District, Kabul Province